Anatomy of an Internet browser

In this study we will be identifying the basic anatomy of the ubiquitous yet oft misunderstood critters known as Internet browsers.   Various species are encountered in the wild, and while they will vary to some degree, there are underlying fundamentals that hold true for all.  Just as every frog has a leg and a bat its wing, Internet browsers too have their common parts.  Although, again, sometimes with subtle distinctions.One need not know the entire genome or behavioral patterns of these wily beasts, but in order to fully appreciate their majesty one must at the very least recognize their rudimentary traits.  For what would’ve become of the good Dr. David Livingstone had he not known the business end of a lion? 

Below are examples of commonly found varieties and their primary attributes.  At the end you will find a glossary of terminology.


Here we observe Internet Explorer in its natural state.  This somewhat ungainly pedigree is very commonly found in Windows environments, but is also one of the more lamented, and therefore has not been utilized as often as it had been in the past.


Internet Explorer 8

And here, a more modernized version of Internet Explorer.  This particular morph borrows heavily from that of its current biggest rival, which we will cover near the end.  Perhaps we’re witnessing mimicry as seen elsewhere in nature, such as the Mocking Bird or Dendrobates Imitator Poison Dart Frog.  

Internet Explorer 10

Next we witness the ambitious Firefox.  It is very similar in appear and behavior to classic forms of Internet Explorer, but is more customizable and is furnished by an organization much involved with the fledging Internet community.  This gained it much popularity in its beginning; however, usage has dwindled somewhat in recent history.  


This stoic specimen is Safari.  It is basic, stable, utilitarian.   


And finally, here presides the sleek, polished, Chrome.  This relative newcomer has taken a large share of current usage.  Its minimal approach effectively allows it to seem slightly faster than the bulkier browsers.  This minimalism comes with a price though.  Some users find the sparse interface to be lacking, leaving them to long for features such as a title bar.  


There are several other species found in this vast wilderness, but these are the most popular and prevalent.  Opera has a small following, but is not very common.



Address Bar \ æ-dres bär \  – The bar that displays the address of the website you are currently viewing.  (example:

Search Bar \ s?rch bär \  – This is where one enters terms for which they wish to search.

Title Bar \ t?-t?l bär \ – This shows the title of the current webpage, and in many cases, the title of the Internet browser you’re using.

Menu Bar \ men-yü bär \ – This bar contains the various Menu options that are available to you.

Tab(s) \ tab \ – Tabs display multiple websites that are open within the same window.

Home \ h?m \ – This button returns you to your homepage. 

Stop \ stäp \ – This button halts the loading of a currently loading webpage.

Refresh or Reload \ ri-fresh \  \ ri-l?d \ – This button will reload or refresh the current webpage.

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